Friday, June 23, 2017

Reflections on Home Education - Part II....

Continuing on from Part I of Home Education by Charlotte Mason, today's post will include thoughts from Part II....

"Never be within doors when you can rightly be without." (p. 42)
I rather enjoyed reading Part II of Home Education as I was reminded of the many opportunities my children have living in the country; and for that, I am grateful. The first sentence of this section says,
People who live in the country know the value of fresh air very well, and their children live out of doors, with intervals within for sleeping and eating. (p. 42)
Now that it's summer, nearly the first thing our kids do when their feet hit the floor in the morning is go outside. They step out to check the weather. They free their pups and snuggle up with their cat.  They breathe deeply of the warm fresh air. It's beautiful!

Sadly, I don't follow their lead. Even though I feel convicted that the out-of-doors is best for everyone, it's hard to drag myself out. More recently, I've tried to be intentional about making time for it. Once I'm there, I love it!...and the kids love it when I'm with them. Early this spring, we made a camp in a grove of pines across a forty. Riley and I re-did a perennial bed and planted our vegetable garden. Along with The Farmer, the kids and I also added to our orchard, planting an apple tree. It was great!...but going outdoors is still a habit that takes great effort on my part. I'm personally working on cultivating it because I understand the importance of this method in the support of Charlotte's philosophy. And, I want to lead my children by example, in the hope it is something they will continue into their adult lives.

There were many subsections in Part II, Out-Of-Door Life For The Child. I will give a brief overview of each, but please don't take this as an end all be all or your only knowledge of Charlotte's ideas on nature, as it's simply an overview of my notes. It is a very significant piece of the Charlotte Mason puzzle, I would argue, not only for children, but for old and young alike. Again, I highly encourage you to read her writing for yourself and maybe you will be convicted as I am to get out in nature.

I. A Growing Time
In this time of extraordinary pressure, educational and social, perhaps a mother's first duty to her children is to secure for them a quite growing time, a full six years of passive receptive life, the waking part of it spent for the most part out in the fresh air. (p. 43)
Charlotte advocates for four to six hours outside every tolerable day from April to October. Knowing this is unrealistic for some, she states...
Let me repeat, that I venture to suggest, not what is practicable in any household, but what seems to me absolutely best for the children; and that, in the faith that mothers work wonders once they are convinced that wonders are demanded of them. (p. 44) 
She also gives guidelines for what to do in that time, advising that there should be time to observe, time spent romping in vigorous play, and time spent in lesson. However, she cautions against story books and too much talk.

II. 'Sight-Seeing'

Here, Charlotte gives a sample lesson on how to train children in "their powers of observation and expression", as well as increasing their vocabulary and the habit of truthfulness by sending them off to explore a particular thing or area, then returning to orally share it with you.

III. 'Picture-Painting'

Encourage the child to picture an image in their mind and then have them narrate or tell back, explaining the scene in detail.

IV. Flowers and Trees
In the course of this 'sight-seeing' and 'picture-painting,' opportunities will occur to make the children familiar with rural objects and employments. (p. 51)
Charlotte suggests that children know the flora of their region, including field crops, wildflowers, trees, leaves, and other various plants. I love her idea of knowing a tree through the seasons. In addition, she shares about calendar keeping and nature diaries.

V. 'Living Creatures'

Charlotte also advised children come to know the fauna of their region. They should become familiar with tadpoles and frogs, bees, ants, beetles, spiders, worms, and birds first hand
Most children of six have had this taste of a naturalist's experience, and it is worth speaking of only because, instead of being merely a harmless amusement, it is a valuable piece of education, of more use to the child than the reading of a whole book of natural history, or much geography and Latin. For the evil is, that children get their knowledge of natural history, like all their knowledge, second hand. 
...there is no sort of knowledge to be got in these early years so valuable to children  as that which they get for themselves of the world they live in. Let them once get touch with Nature and a habit is formed which will be a source of delight through life. We were all meant to be naturalists, each in his degree, and it is inexcusable to live in a world so full of the marvels of plant and animal life and to care for none of these things.  (p. 60-61)
The final paragraph of this section is titled, "Nature Work especially valuable for Girls.", in which, Charlotte encourages young ladies in particular to get out-of-doors in so that they don't become self-centered and wrapped up in drama. This made me smile initially and then a little sad to think about the sorry state of so many of our young people's minds today. It would greatly behoove our modern culture to embrace Charlotte's ideals on out-of-door life for children as there is great value in fresh air as it relates to clearer thinking.

VI. Field-Lore and Naturalists' Books

Charlotte begins by asking the question, "Is it advisable, then, to teach the children the elements of natural science, of biology, botany, zoology?" She answers it with a resounding, "no", concluding,
...the dissection even of a flower is painful to a sensitive child, and, during the first six or eight years of life, I would not teach them any botany which should necessitate the pulling of flowers to bits; much less should they be permitted to injure or destroy any (not noxious) form of animal life. (p. 62)
Don't misunderstand, Charlotte was not an animal rights tree hugger, but rather, a lover of God's creation. I love the way she finishes this paragraph...
Reverence for life, as a wonderful and awful gift, which a ruthless child may destroy but never can restore, is a lesson of first importance to the child: - 
"Let knowledge grow from more to more;
But more of reverence in us dwell."
The child who sees his mother with reverent touch lift an early snowdrop to her lips, learns a higher lesson than the 'print-books' can teach. Years hence, when the children are old enough to understand that science itself is in a sense sacred and demands some sacrifices, all the 'common information' they have been gathering until then, and the habits of observation they have acquired, will form a capital groundwork for a scientific education. In the meantime, let them consider the lilies of the field and the fowls of the air.  (p. 62-63)
As I envision the mother with the snowdrop, I feel the awe and wonder of creation and reverence for life. The passage is beautiful and almost poetic, of course, reminding me of Matthew 6:25-34....
25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?
26 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?
27 Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature?
28 And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:
29 And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith?
31 Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?
32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.
There should be Rough Classification at First Hand...
For convenience in describing they should be able to name and distinguish petals, sepals, and so on; and they should be encouraged to make such rough classifications as they can with their slight knowledge of both animal and vegetable forms....
The power to classify, discriminate, distinguish between things that differ, is amongst the highest faculties of the human intellect, and no opportunity to cultivate it should be let slip; but a classification got out of books, that the child does not make for himself and is not able to verify for himself, cultivates no power but that of verbal memory, and a phrase or two of 'Tamil' or other unknown tongue, learnt off, would serve that purpose just as well. (p. 63-64)
Charlotte does give examples of naturalists' books that are permitted or helpful at this age. These would fall under the category of nature lore. About the use of these books, Charlotte says,
The real use of naturalists' books at this stage is to give the child delightful glimpses into the world of wonders he lives in, to reveal the sort of things to be seen by curious eyes, and fill him with desire to make discoveries for himself. There are many to be had, all pleasant reading, many of them written by scientific men, and yet requiring little or no scientific knowledge for their enjoyment. (p. 64)
You may recognize some of the Ambleside Online titles among her list, including, Water Babies and Madam How and Lady Why by Kingsley, Arabella Buckley's 'Eyes and no Eyes' series, and Seton-Thompson's books, to name a few. They are included in the note at the bottom of page 64.

At the end of this section, Charlotte encourages mothers and teachers to know about nature as well so that they are able to answer inquiries and direct the observations of their children.

VII. The Child Gets Knowledge by Means of His Senses

Children naturally learn through the use of their five senses and Charlotte advocates letting them do so. She argues that, "...Nature teaches so gently, so gradually, so persistently, that he is never overdone, but goes on gathering little stores of knowledge about whatever comes before him." and that there is not "overpressure" through use of nature as a means to educate, such as there is in requiring too much mental work.
The danger exists; but lies, not in giving the child too much, but in giving him the wrong thing to do, the sort of work for which the present state of his mental development does not fit him. (p. 67)
She further states that a child learns from things, while adults learn through words and that a sense of beauty comes from early contact with nature. She closes this section with a strong argument that many grown men lose the habit of observation.

VIII. The Child Should be Made Familiar with Natural Objects
It is infinitely well worth the mother's while to take some pains every day to secure, in the first place, that her children spend hours daily amongst rural and natural objects; and, in the second place, to infuse into them, or rather, to cherish in them, the love of investigation. (p. 71)
IX. Out-of-Door Geography

Here we see some practical application in what to do once we are outside in regard to geography. Charlotte lists and explains such things pictorial geography; learning the position of the sun; the mysteries of clouds, rain, snow, and hail; judging distance; learning directions and having compass drill; understanding boundaries; and drawing plans to scale, such as garden, stable, house, etc.

X. The Child and Mother Nature
Mother must refrain from too much talk....the less she says, the better... (p. 78)
There are few things sweeter and more precious to the child than playful prattle with her mother; but one thing is better - the communing with the larger Mother, in order to which the child and she should be left to themselves.  
Two Things Permissible to the Mother....once a week or once a month....she will point out to the child some touch of especial loveliness in colouring or grouping of the landscape or in the heavens.....she will point to some lovely flower or gracious tree, not only as a beautiful work, but a beautiful thought of God, in which we may believe He finds continual pleasure, and which He is pleased to see his human children rejoice in. (p. 79-80)
XI. Out-of-Door Games, etc. 

There should be oral lessons in which the child repeats words and phrases in French, noisy games, songs and riddles sung during play, rope jumping, shuttlecock, and climbing. Children must be dressed for their excursions. Charlotte was a huge advocate for wool clothing, as we saw in Part VI of Section I.

XII. Walks in Bad Weather

Charlotte felt winter walks were as necessary as summer walks and that it was OK for children to go out in the rain as long as they were dressed appropriately, in woolen rain garments, and were not allowed to sit or stand around in damp clothes for any period of time.

XIII. 'Red Indian' Life

Here, Charlotte referenced a book called Scouting by Baden-Powell, who was a Lieutenant-General in the British Army and the founder of the international Scouting Movement. She also wrote about bird stalking.

XIV. The Children Require Country Air

The final section of Part II was one of my favorite as Charlotte made me feel so fortunate to be a rural Midwesterner. We have been told on several occasions how healthy our children look, the shine in their eyes, the rosiness of their cheeks, and the ease of movement over the terrain is evident. This is not a brag, but a thankful shout out to the Lord for his mercy....and hopefully, an encouragement for you to take yourself and your children out-of-doors. Even if you don't live in a rural area, simply open your door and step outside. Take in a breath of fresh air and love the land you're in!
Every one knows that the breathing of air which has lost little of its due proportion of oxygen is the essential condition of vigorous life and of a fine physique;... (p. 92) is not possible to enjoy fulness of life in town. (p. 93)
Therefore, it is worth while to have even a physical ideal for one's child; not, for instance, to be run away with by the notion that a fat child is necessarily a fine child. The fat child can easily be produced: but the bright eye, the open regard, the springing step; the tones, clear as a bell; the agile, graceful movements that characterise the well-brought-up child, are the result, not of bodily well-being only, but of 'mind and should according well,' of a quick, trained intelligence, and of a moral nature habituated to 'the joy of self-control.' (p.95)
Other Resources in Support of Nature Study: 

Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children From Nature-Deficit Disorder by Richard Louv

Ted Talk with great information on the importance of nature: Get Hooked on Nature.

Our Children Deserve As Much Outdoor Time as Inmates and Chickens by Ben Klasky

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

2016-2017 Year 6 and 7 End Wrap-Up....

I finished my Homeschool Audit yesterday. It's a good feeling to wrap things up. Since our 2016-2017 academic year has been finished for about a month, I've had time to reflect. Back in August 2016, I posted our original Year 6 and Year 7 plans. Today, I plan to share what worked and what didn't.

Year 6

Ruben used Heart of Dakota Creation to Christ this year, but part way in, I started making modifications and swapping out books. There was much busy work that I cut. You can find Ruben's original plan here.

Bible - The DK Illustrated Family Bible (HOD) - Ruben read this independently and enjoyed it. I will continue to have him do some type of bible reading on his own. - hit 

Citizenship - I'm still thinking about Plutarch and will most likely add something later in the year.

History and Literature -
The Story of the Ancient World by Christine Miller (HOD) - read aloud; provided a great spine; short readings; Ruben was on the fence, but in the end decided against it - miss
Genesis: Finding Our Roots by Ruth Beechick (HOD, AO 6) - read aloud; skipping some parts; miss
What in the World? Vol. 1: Ancient Civilizations and the Bible by Diana Waring (HOD) - Ruben listened to audio independently and enjoyed; I will most likely continue with the next vol. next year; hit
Draw and Write Through History: Greece and Rome by Carylee Gressman (HOD) - used as a resource for illustrating notebook pages; hit
Dinosaurs of Eden by Ken Ham (HOD) - read aloud; miss
The Golden Bull by Marjorie Cowley (HOD) - read aloud; hit
Boy of the Pyramids, A Mystery of Ancient Egypt by Ruth Fosdick Jones (HOD, SCM) - read aloud for the second time; hit
Hittite Warrior by Joanne Williamson (HOD, Sonlight) - read aloud; hit
Jashub's Journal: An Old Testament Law Story by Simply Charlotte Mason (HOD, SCM) - read aloud; hit
Within the Palace Gates by Anna Pierpoint Siviter (HOD)
Peeps at Many Lands: Ancient Greece by James Baikie (HOD)
God King: A Story in the Days of King Hezekiah by Joanne Williamson (HOD) 

Life in Ancient Greece by John Green (coloring book) - Ruben enjoyed coloring while I read aloud; hit
D'Aulaire's Book of Greek Myths - read aloud; hit
The Golden Days of Greece by Olivia Coolidge (Truthquest History) - read aloud; hit
The Trojan War by Olivia Coolidge (Sonlight, Memoria Press) - read aloud; hit
Alexander the Great by John Gunther (HOD) - read aloud; hit
Cleopatra by Diane Stanley (HOD) - read aloud; hit
Famous Men of Rome by John H. Haaren & A.B. Poland (HOD, SCM) - only read minimal sections; hit
City: A Story of Roman Planning and Construction by David Macaulay (HOD, Beautiful Feet) - read aloud; Ruben really enjoyed this book! hit
Traveling the Way by Drusilla McGowen (HOD)
Twice Freed by Patricia St. John (HOD, My Father's World)

Augustus Caesar's World by Genevieve Foster (Ambleside Online, Beautiful Feet) - read aloud; Ruben didn't enjoy, but I did; I think the readings were too long for him; if I had it to do over, I would schedule shorter readings; miss/hit
The Bronze Bow by Elizabeth George Speare (Beautiful Feet; Sonlight) - read aloud; excellent!; hit

Book of Centuries - I plan to have Ruben begin a BOC this year

Geography - A Child's Geography II - Explore the Holy Land by Ann Voskamp and Tonia Peckover (HOD) - we started this, but ended up dropping because we had too many other books going, but I think it's a worthy book and we pick it up again some other time. - miss

Math - I plan to use the Math on the Level approach with Ruben this year. MOTL will allow me to teach math concepts in an order appropriate for Ruben's readiness rather than a contrived scope and sequence. The program's "Concept Chart" helps me keep track of the concepts he's mastered as well as the concepts I have left to teach. The program is very flexible and offers enough math instruction for pre-k through pre-algebra. - We did misc. maths, focusing on concepts using a variety of resources; Ruben didn't enjoy it. He made progress, but not as much as hoped. I will attempt to find some type of scheduled program for him for math in the fall - miss

Science - I did an in depth science review last week here.

Apologia's Exploring Creation with Zoology 3: Land Animals of the Sixth Day (HOD)
Birds of the Air by Arabella Buckley (HOD, AO)
Plant Life in Field and Garden by Arabella Buckley (HOD, AO)
Exploring the History of Medicine by John Hudson Tiner (HOD, Sonlight)
Galen and the Gateway to Medicine by Jeanne Bendick (HOD, Beautiful Feet)
An Illustrated Adventure in Human Anatomy by Kate Sweeney (HOD)

Literature - Much of Ruben's literature is a part of his history study this year. I'm still working out which books he'll read on his own and which will be read alouds for me. I'm also in the process of planning another book club for Riley and Ruben this year, which will add to their literature. I will post more about that in the future as it comes to fruition. Book Club -

Poetry - Ruben will study the poems of Robert Frost this year through HOD. - Frost study was good, but, I wish we would have spent a term on Frost. Then studied two other poets in addition; miss

Composition - Ruben will continue oral narration and begin written narration this year. I also bought Writing & Rhetoric by Classical Academic Press to aid us in this transition. - miss - W&R was a bust. We ended up switching to IEW Student Intensive B. Ruben much preferred this. - hit

Grammar - I plan to use a combination of Winston Grammar and Harvey's Grammar, which are both new programs for me as far as teaching. - WG worked wonderfully! We will continue with it. - hit

Latin - I'm debating on Latin. I have English from the Roots Up and may use it in the beginning or I may have Ruben follow along with Riley in Latin for Children (Classical Academic Press). I hope to tie grammar and Latin together to make it more practical as Ruben is a no nonsense kind of guy. I love the way Henle Latin does this, but I'm a little intimidated since I've never studied Latin personally. This will be a learning experience for both of us.

Spelling - I'm going to have Ruben try IEW Phonetic Zoo along with Riley. I'll also pull from How to Teach Spelling, which was a program his tutor referenced at the Children's Dyslexia Center.

Shakespeare - I'm hoping to lead a group of 6th through 8th graders in the study of Julius Caesar toward spring. Shakespeare will be a new adventure for me and Ruben as well. - see book club above

Art - Ruben will participate in our local homeschool art class. - hit

Music - Ruben will participate in our local homeschool choir. - hit

Overall, it was a good year! Ruben gained independence by use of the daily notebook check box system, which I will continue in some shape next year. We were not fans of Heart of Dakota and I will most likely not use it again. Math is a definite area of concern that we need to focus on in the future. 

Year 7

Riley worked independently this year for the most part. It was her request. She did well with what was assigned, but I failed to assign a couple of things. I missed her greatly in our discussions. This fall, I aim to find a few subjects that we can all do together, going back to the circle/morning time approach. Her original plan is here

Bible - Ambleside Online Year 6 Old Testament of "Through the Bible" plan. Since we read New Testament and church history last year, I'm only going to assign her the Old Testament portion this year. The plan is laid out as follows:

Term 1: Genesis; Psalm 1-20; Proverbs 1-6
Term 2: Job and Exodus 1-24; Psalm 21-37; Proverbs 7-11
Term 3: Exodus 25-40 and Leviticus; Psalm 38-55; Proverbs 12-16

In addition, Riley will copy the Psalms as she reads them into Do You Journible? Psalms 1-72, The 17:18 Series. I actually bought this for myself, but after seeing it, decided it would work well for Riley. I will be ordering another copy for myself so I can copy the book of Psalms along with her. - Riley enjoyed her bible study - hit

Missionary Study

Jungle Pilot: The Life and Witness of Nate Saint by Russell T. Hitt - She said, just OK - miss
God's Smuggler by Brother Andrew - She said, just OK - miss
Teresa of Calcutta by D. Jeanene Watson - hit

Citizenship - I'm still thinking about Plutarch and will most likely add something later in the year.

History - Beautiful Feet Ancient History; - Riley loves BF and we will continue with their Medieval study in the fall - hit

in addition, Riley will read the following books as part of her history study:

Genesis: Finding Our Roots by Ruth Beechick (AO 6) - content was OK, activities were a drag - miss
Adam and His Kin by Ruth Beechick - hit
The Story of the Greeks by H.A. Guerber (AO 6) - hit
The Story of the Romans by H.A. Guerber (AO 6) - hit
The Boys' and Girls' Herodotus by John S. White - dry and confusing - miss

Book of Centuries - Riley will begin keeping a BOC this year. - used as a timeline because my directions weren't clear - miss

Geography - Riley will be mapping the world this year based on a the Classical Conversations Challenge A Debate model. We saw it put into play last spring when we observed a CC Challenge A class. She and I were both very intrigued by it. You can find a full review here.  - hit

Math - Lial's Basic College Mathematics, We are trying something totally different this year for math. I began hearing rave reviews of Lial's math years ago on the Living Math Yahoo Group. This spring, I happened across a copy at a used book sale. After a bit of online networking, I found out about My Homeschool Math Class, where Mrs. Perkins teaches online classes using Lial's. Riley is signed up for the online math class. This will be our first experience with online courses. I'm looking forward to trying something new. - Overall, this ended well and we will most likely continue with an online Pre-Algebra class in the fall. You can read a review here.  - hit

Science - Apologia's Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology and Exploring the History of Medicine by John Hudson Tiner   I did an in depth science review here.

Natural Science - Keeping a Nature Journal by Clare Walker Leslie - hit; Secrets of the Woods - hit and School of the Woods - hit both by William J. Long (AO 3 & 6)

Nature Study - Riley will venture out on a weekly nature study. A while back I bought Journaling a Year in Nature from Simply Charlotte Mason to guide her in her study. I have been on again off again with nature study, but Riley has been fairly consistent. I'm interested to see what she does with this journal. See science overview. 

Literature - I'm in the process of planning another book club for Riley and Ruben this year and will post more about that in the future as it comes to fruition. The following literature will be assigned to Riley by term. In addition, she has a "Free Reading" list to choose from, which is a conglomeration of AO Free Reads from various years. - Book Club 

The Winged Watchman by Hilda Van Stockum (Sonlight) - excellent! - definite hit
Black Ships Before Troy and The Wanderings of Odysseus by Rosemary Sutcliff - she said, just OK - hit
The Ides of April by Mary Ray (Sonlight) - confusing and hard to comprehend - miss

Poetry and Fairy Tales

Gilgamesh by David Ferry - miss
The Blue Fairy Book by Andrew Lang - not into fairy tales, just OK - miss

Composition - Riley will continue with oral and written narration. I also purchased The Lost Tools of Writing from the CiRCE Institute, but am trying to figure out whether or not to incorporate it this year. I'm going to see how it goes, I just may wait until next year. - hit

Grammar - Jensen's Grammar by Frode Jensen (AO 7) - miss - This program didn't work for Riley so we ended up scrapping it after a few weeks. She then switched to Easy Grammar Ultimate Series which she liked. 

Latin - Latin for Children (Classical Academic Press)

Spelling - We are going to try IEW Phonetic Zoo this year for spelling. Riley and I both love All About Spelling, however, if something was going to fall by the wayside, it was this. At the end of last year, Riley asked if there was a spelling program she could work through independently...I guess she was sick of waiting on me :( After a bit of research, I found IEW's program and we've decided to give it a try. We always have AAS to fall back on. - hit

Shakespeare - I'm hoping to lead a group in the study of Julius Caesar toward spring. Shakespeare will be a new adventure for me. Although Riley is familiar since reading Lamb's Tales from Shakespeare a couple of years ago. - see book club above

Logic/Rhetoric - Riley's been working through Building Thinking Skills for the past couple of years and will finish it up this year. She will also be reading It Couldn't Just Happen by Lawrence O. Richards, which is a Sonlight, Ambleside Online, and Classical Conversations recommendation, in addition to The Fallacy Detective by Nathaniel and Hans Bluedorn (AO 7).  - Riley finished Building Thinking Skills. We have both decided that it was busy work and time wasted. I will not use it again in the future. Riley really liked both of the other books and prefers to study logic and rhetoric through reading and not a workbook - hit

Handicrafts - Riley is interested in learning to crochet. Since I have Handicrafts Made Simple by Simply Charlotte Mason, she will most likely use it to learn. I'm also thinking about having her chose a couple projects from Nature Smart by Gwen Diehn. Riley enjoys the outdoors and is very crafty so I think this will be a good fit for her. - I failed to schedule this so it didn't get done. 

Art - Riley will participate in our local homeschool art class. - hit

Music - Riley will participate in our local homeschool choir. -  hit

Overall, Riley showed growth as well, particularly in math. As mentioned, I greatly missed her in our discussions and will somehow find a way for her to remain independent for most subjects, but join us for some. Some areas that lacked were because I didn't give clear direction or "put it on her schedule" and I didn't follow up. Even though both Riley and Ruben are gaining greater independence, it still behooves us all if I follow through. At a minimum, we will need to have some sort of weekly meeting next year.  

How was your year? Have you done an audit? I'd love to hear about it in the comments section...

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Weekly Reflections - Summer Edition 2....

Wet Weather Tramps. - But what about the wet days? The fact is, that rain, unless of the heaviest, does the children no harm at all if they are suitably clothed... (Charlotte Mason, Vol. 1, Home Education, p. 87)
At Home

It's been raining off and on every day for the past couple of weeks. So, of course, Levi's been playing in it. When I read the above passage as part of my Vol. 1 study, I just had to smile. The rain sure is helping the garden grow!

Around the Web

I appreciate the thoughtfulness and tone in Was Charlotte Mason a Classical Educator?, written by a dear friend and local home educator. Heather is a member of my CM Study Group and her words have given me much to wrestle with.

Did you see? Simply Charlotte Mason is reprinting Charlotte Mason's six volume set. My 'pinks' are falling apart, but I still cherish them!

Mystie's been working on her 2017-2018 school plans. She began this month with reviewing plans from last year in Homeschooling Middle School Boys... and Elementary Kids.  Then she moved into creating her 2017-2018 Overview as well as Morning Time.  I look forward to seeing her finalized plans. I'm in the process of working through auditing last year and want to tie up some ends before starting to plan for the upcoming year.

Lisa Kelly spoke my language in Why Study Nature? I've been doing a ton of research on science and nature study, as I'm thinking very seriously about beginning a nature study club in the 2017-2018 academic year. Lisa lays a very good case for adding nature study to our schedules.

Lastly, Nancy Kelly shared a booklist from Susan Shaeffer Macaulay at Sage Parnassus. I'm a real sucker for book lists, so I was eager to click and print this one.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

2016-2017 Year in Review - Science and Nature...

Today, I'm going to review Riley and Ruben's 2016-2017 science studies as part of my year end reflection. Looking back helps me in planning how to proceed forward. I'll start with Ruben's study, including a book list and sample notebook pages. Then move to Riley's study, also including her book list and sample notebooking pages. In addition, I'll make note of whether each book was a hit or miss.

For Year 6, Ruben used the following science books as part of Heart of Dakota Creation to Christ:

Apologia's Exploring Creation with Zoology 3: Land Animals of the Sixth Day (HOD) - Ruben did OK with this book as long as I read it aloud. He did not enjoy reading it independently. I did not enjoy the textbook feel of it. HOD suggested a variety of activities while reading, including, weekly copywork, narration, questions, and experiments. Ruben did not like most of these activities. Exploring Creation with Zoology 3 was a miss.

Birds of the Air by Arabella Buckley (HOD, AO) and Plant Life in Field and Garden by Arabella Buckley (HOD, AO) - I read Birds of the Air aloud and Ruben read Plant Life independently. He did well with both of them. He created some fabulous notebook drawings while reading these books. One draw back of the Buckley books for us was that many of the plants and birds were native to Europe and not to our region here in the U.S. Overall, the Buckley books were a hit

Exploring the History of Medicine by John Hudson Tiner (HOD, Sonlight) - I started reading this book aloud to Ruben, but eventually he took it over on his own. The readings were short and fairly interesting. We answered the questions orally after each reading so there was no written work with this book. Exploring the History of Medicine was a hit

Galen and the Gateway to Medicine by Jeanne Bendick (HOD, Beautiful Feet) - Ruben read Galen on his own and thoroughly enjoyed it. He produced excellent oral narrations after each reading and did a couple of notebooking pages as HOD suggested assignments. Galen and the Gateway to Medicine was a definite hit

An Illustrated Adventure in Human Anatomy by Kate Sweeney (HOD) - Neither Ruben, nor I thought much of this book. The short snippets of information and busy pages were not appealing. It was overstimulating and a bit overwhelming, as you didn't know in what order to read since the words were scattered around the page. At my request, Ruben did create a wonderful diagram of the heart. He also drew and labeled the skeletal system. An Illustrated Adventure in Human Anatomy was a miss.

As noted above, some of the books overlapped with other programs, such as Ambleside Online, Sonlight, and Beautiful Feet. Interestingly, the books that were used in various curricular were the books we liked best. Overall, it was a good science year for Ruben. I saw growth. His study mostly entailed biology or topics relating to living things. Below are samples of his notebooking pages...


For Year 7, Riley used a variety of books suggested from Ambleside Online, as well as a human anatomy book of her choice and a couple of nature books of my choice. She studied these books independently. Her list with hits and misses is as follows...


Apologia's Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology (Riley's choice) - There are 14 modules/chapters in this Apologia book. Riley used it twice a week, reading for two days one week and then notebooking on that reading for two days the following week. Hence, completing one module/chapter every two weeks. I used the schedule in the Apologia Anatomy Notebooking Journal. However, she did not complete the journal, but rather created her own notebook pages as I assigned, which turned out very well. Riley enjoyed this Apologia text. It was a hit.

Exploring the History of Medicine by John Hudson Tiner - This book was in my original plan, but somehow Riley inadvertently missed it on the schedule and therefore, she did not complete Exploring the History of Medicine

Natural Science 

Keeping a Nature Journal by Clare Walker Leslie - Riley read a chapter a week from this book over Term 1 (12 weeks). I was hoping she would use it to help develop her nature journal, but I didn't give clear direction, so it didn't go as planned. Riley loved the drawings in Leslie's Journal, but the content didn't carry over as application because I didn't follow through on my expectation. Despite this, it was a hit

Secrets of the Woods and School of the Woods by William J. Long (AO 3 & 6) - Again, Riley simply read these books independently. She called them both a hit.

Nature Study 

Journaling a Year in Nature from Simply Charlotte Mason - Riley was supposed to venture out on a weekly nature study, journaling in this book through the process. However, she chose to write weekly entries regarding the weather in an old nature journal while looking out the window. She doesn't like cold weather and I didn't follow up. My resident box checker did not read my mind in order to understand the expectation. ;-p

Overall, Riley enjoyed all the books she read. She did notebook through her anatomy study, of which I will include samples below. In reviewing her books, I see that Riley also focused on biology and living organisms this year. 

In the upcoming school year, I aim to assign a wider variety of books from various branches of science. I also need to be more clear on my expectations and follow up regularly to see that those expectations are being met. 

Monday, June 12, 2017

Reflections on Home Education - Part I...

This post is a continuation of my study of Volume 1, Home Education by Charlotte Mason. It will cover Part I. You can find my thoughts on the Prefaces here.

Part I Some Preliminary Considerations
Children are a Public Trust. Now, that work which is of most importance to society is the bringing-up and instruction of the children - in the school, certainly, but far more in the home, because it is more than anything else the home influences brought to bear upon the child that determine the character and career of the future man or woman. (p. 1)
This idea that children are a public trust brought a bit of interesting discussion within our CM Study Group, as one mom didn't agree, or more likely, didn't like the wording of this statement. As if our children, were to be on some sort of public display or that Charlotte was suggesting, it takes a village. However, later in the paragraph, Charlotte states...
The children are, in truth, to be regarded less as personal property than as public trusts, put into the hands of parents that they may make the very most of them for the good of society. (p. 2)
Given the second part of Charlotte's declaration, I see it more as a parent's responsibility to ensure that children are brought up so as to be productive members of society because after all, they hold the future. She further states that the primary responsibility in this feat single-handedly falls to mothers, "because it is the mothers who have the sole direction of the children's early, most impressive years." This put me in mind of that saying, "The hand that rocks the cradle, rules the world."

I. A Method of Education

Next, Charlotte writes about traditional methods of education, which came across to me as punitive. She talks about methods versus systems.
Method - A way to an end and step-by-step progress in that way - danger is that a method should degenerate into a mere system 
System - the observing of rules until the habit of doing certain things, of behaving in certain ways, is confirmed, and, therefore, the art is acquired
A method is progressive. It has a goal. A system simply means following the rules. A while back, I listened to Schole Sisters podcast #20, in which Brandy and Mystie spoke with Karen Glass about the differences between methods and systems. I made a copious amount of notes and it was helpful to reference back while reading this section of Volume 1.
Though system is highly useful as an instrument of education, a 'system of education' is mischievous, as producing only mechanical action instead of the vital growth and movement of a living being.
....but the fact is, that a few broad essential principles cover the whole field, and these once fully laid hold of, it is as easy and natural to act upon them as it is to act upon our knowledge of such facts as that fire burns and water flows. (p. 9-10)
In the podcast, Karen pointed out that Principle 1, Children are born persons, and Principle 12, Education is the Science of Relations, are two of the main principles. I couldn't agree more. Glass stated that many of the other principles are sub points to these two. I've been thinking a great deal about this since. These two principles have really guided the way I view my children's education. Several other podcasts and conference talks that I've listened to over the past few months have also alluded to the significance of these two principles, without actually stating them or even referencing Charlotte Mason.

II. The Child's Estate

As a matter of fact, the first paragraph in this next section suggests children are born persons and not just "tablets to be written on." Charlotte further states, there is a "a code of education in the Gospels expressly laid down by Christ" and that it's "summed up in three commandments"
Take heed that ye OFFEND not - DESPISE not - HINDER not - one of these little ones. (p. 12)
I believe this is based on Matthew 18:10, which says, "Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven." Charlotte spends the next several pages defining these commandments.

III. Offending the Children
An offense, we know, is literally a stumbling-block, that which trips up the walker and causes him to fall. (p. 13)
These stumbling blocks being:

1. Not holding a child accountable to do that which is right;
2. Mother having no sense of duty;
3. Failing to provide for a child's physical needs (unwholesome food, ill-ventilated rooms, disregarding simple laws of health);
4. Wrecking the child's intellectual life with dreary, dawdling lessons and stultifying his wits;
5. Not cherishing the family's affections.

IV. Despising the Children

Charlotte begins this section by defining despise,
"Despise: to have a low opinion of, to undervalue" - thus the dictionary; and, as a matter of fact, however much we may delight in them, we grown-up people have far too low an opinion of children. (p. 17)
She then states mother's should be careful to choose the best 'nurses' (babysitters, day cares) for their children, if they must.
But they should have the best of their mother, her freshest, brightest hours; while at the same time, she is careful to choose her nurses wisely, train them carefully, and keep a vigilant eye upon all that goes on in the nursery. (p. 18)
Charlotte further states we must,
Deal with a child on his first offense, and a grieved look is enough  to convict the little transgressor; but let him go on until a habit of wrong-doing is formed, and the cure is a slow one; then the mother has no chance until she has formed in him a contrary habit of well-doing. To laugh at ugly tempers and let them pass because the child is small, is to sow the wind. (p. 19)
This really is a great point and sometimes so difficult when young children are too cute in their naughtiness, but Charlotte makes it clear that one must not laugh, but rather correct the bad behavior on the first offense. I could have saved myself great pains if I had implemented this sooner.

V. Hindering the Child
The most fatal way of despising the child falls under the third educational law of the Gospels; it is to overlook and make light of this natural relationship with Almighty God. (p. 19)
According to Charlotte, we do this by not showing signs of reverence to God and by using God as a threat.

VI. Conditions of Healthy Brain-Activity

Charlotte suggests in order to have a healthy brain, children need exercise, rest, and nutrition.  Below are some sub points she lays out of each condition:

1. Exercise
- daily habit of appropriate moral and mental work
- brain is not content with entire idleness

2. Rest
"Just as important is it that the brain should have due rest; that is, should rest and work alternately."
- Charlotte felt morning was the "best time for lessons and every sort of mental work."
- allow time for digestion after meals
- change of occupation...."the brain, or some portion of the brain, becomes exhausted when any given function has been exercised too long."

3. Nutrition
- the brain cannot do its work well unless it be abundantly and suitably nourished.
- food must be nutritious and easy to digest
- varied diet
- child must be well fed
- regular meals at unbroken intervals
- digested food nourishes the system
- meal time should be the "brightest hours of day" to aid digestion
- children should sit at the table with parents
- advocate of eating fish
- children become bored of leftovers
- alter pudding
- "The quality of the blood depends almost as much on the air we breathe as on the food we eat..."
- children need regular fresh air
- children should walk every day
- "delicious life-giving air of the country"
- well ventilated rooms
- night air is wholesome
- sunshine
- should sweat
- whole surface of the skin should be in a condition to freely excrete
- bathe daily, followed by vigorous scrubbing of skin
- wear wool clothes for breath ability

Some of Charlotte's ideas may seem outdated, but many are still relevant today. Exercise, rest, and nutrition are still the keys to a healthy brain for children and parents alike.

VII. 'The Reign of Law' in Education

Finally, Charlotte advises us not to trust too much in common sense and good intentions, but rather obedience to divine laws in the facts of life. She says it's confusing to children when unbelievers have better morality than believers.

She closes Part I by stating,
My endeavour in this and the following volumes of the series will be to sketch out roughly a method of education which, as resting upon a basis of natural law, may look, without presumption, to inherit the Divine blessings. (p. 41)
There was a great amount of information to digest here. I can see this being very helpful to a new mother. I'm starting to think Home Education would make a great baby shower gift!

Saturday, June 10, 2017

Jayber Crow....

Well, after five months of slow reading, today I finished Jayber Crow by Wendell Berry. I'm still trying to find words to say other than, WOW! The last two paragraphs brought me to my knees. Beautiful, would definitely be another word to describe Jayber Crow. Berry's writing is slow, beautiful, and poetic. There is not much action in Jayber Crow, and yet, so much is happening....longing for a sense of place, mourning the loss of rural America, transcendental love....the list of larger than life topics goes on and on.

In the early chapters, we learn that Jayber Crow was conceived out of wedlock and is eventually orphaned at age 4, around the small town of Port William in rural Kentucky at about the time of WWI.
The marriage was a have-to-case. I was not thought of until too late, and this was something I seem to have known almost from birth. Around here it is hard for an interesting secret to stay a secret. (Ch 2, p. 12)
After that, "Aunt" Cordie and "Uncle" Othy take Jayber in and love him as their own until their passing, when he is orphaned a second time at age 10.
I was a little past ten years old, and I was the survivor already of two stories completely ended. (Ch. 3, p. 28)
From there, Jayber is sent to The Good Shepherd, a church orphanage, where he lives for eight years. After which, he became a "pre-ministerial student" at Pigeonville College. Jayber eventually leaves college and makes his way back to Port William, where he becomes the town barber. In subsequent chapters, we see the story of Jayber's adult life unfold through and along with the patrons of his shop.

I will not spill the rest of the story, but suffice to say, it's a must read! Whether you too have a heart for rural America or even a calling for a beautiful story from a simpler time, Jayber Crow delivers. It is a modern novel written like a classic. It is conversational poetry. I felt like I was sitting on the porch listening to Berry's story fan before me. His writing is slow, as good writing should be, and yet, so satisfying. Tim McIntosh, in a CiRCE Close Reads podcast, said, "The book is like melancholy you want to wrap up in - to wear like a robe." This is exactly how I felt. Jayber Crow is beautifully sad. It's also romantic without the physical sex, violence, language, and other ploys many modern authors use in an attempt to hook the reader. Wendell Berry is a patient story teller, who masterfully weaves his craft.

Jayber Crow was my first Wendell Berry novel, but will definitely not be my last. As a matter of fact, a few days ago, I checked out Nathan Coulter from my public library because I want to go back to the beginning and not miss a bit. Although, I'm hesitant to start another book too soon because I want to let this one settle. Jayber Crow is deep, leaving the reader with much to ponder. My only regret is not having someone to discuss the book with. Jayber Crow would be a wonderful book club book!!

While reading Jayber Crow, I listened to all the CiRCE Close Reads podcasts, starring David Kern, Angelina Stanford, and Tim McIntosh discussing the novel. Here are links to each podcast with chapters discussed...

CiRCE Institute Close Reads Reading Schedule

Podcast 6 - Chapters 1-2 
Podcast 7 - Chapters 3-6
Podcast 8 - Chapters 7-9
Podcast 9 - Chapters 10-12
Podcast 10 - Chapters 13-15
Podcast 11 - Chapters 16-18
Podcast 12 - Chapters 19- 22
Podcast 13 - Chapters 23
Podcast 14 - Chapters 24-25
Podcast 15 - Chapters 26-28
Podcast 16 - Chapters 29-32

I've lived in rural America my entire life. The Farmer and I have never left our native town. We both come from a long line of agrarians and are still living on his family farm. Our native community is a village of approx. 1400 people. Berry's Port William was like home to me. His characters were like family. I have seen the unraveling of rural America first hand. I have felt the emptiness of loss. Jayber Crow felt like an acknowledgment of my life on many levels. I have pages and pages of commonplace entries, but will leave you with only a few, as I hope to wet your appetite for more so you go read for yourself....
You would need to draw a very big map of the world in order to make Port William visible upon it. In the actual scale of a state highway map, Port William would be smaller than the dot that locates it. In the eyes of the powers that be, we Port Williamites live and move and have our being within a black period about the size of the one that ends a sentence. It would be a considerable overstatement to say that before making their decisions the leaders of the world do not consult the citizens of Port William. Thousands of leaders of our state and nation, entire administrations, corporate board meetings, university sessions, synods and councils of the church have come and gone without hearing or pronouncing the name of Port William. And how many such invisible, nameless, powerless little places are there in this world? All the world, as a matter of fact, is a mosaic of little places invisible to the powers that be. And in the eyes of the powers that be all those invisible places do not add up to a visible place. They add up to words and numbers.
A town such as Port William in this age of the world is like a man on an icy slope, working hard to stay in place and yet slowly sliding down hill. It has to contend not just with the local mortality, depravity, ignorance, natural deficiencies, and weather but also with what I suppose we might as well call The News. The obliviousness of Port William in high places unfortunately is not reciprocated. The names of the mighty are know in Port William; the news of their influence is variously brought. In modern times much of the doing of the mighty has been the undoing of Port William and its kind. Sometimes Port William is persuaded to approve and support its own undoing. But it knows always that a decision unfeelingly made in the capitols can be here a blow felt, a wound received. (Ch 13, p. 139-140)
But the mercy of the world is time. Time does not stop for love, but it does not stop for death and grief, either. After death and grief that (it seems) ought to have stopped the world, the world goes on. More things happen. And some of the things that happen are good. My life was changing now. It had to change. I am not going to say that it changed for the better. There was good in it as it was. But also there was good in it as it was going to be. (Ch 26, p. 296)
Why is hate so easy and love so difficult? (Ch 29, p. 328)
It is not a terrible thing to love the world, knowing that the world is always passing and irrecoverable, to be known only in loss. To love anything good, at any cost, is a bargain. It is a terrible thing to love the world, knowing that you are a human and therefore joined by kind to all that hates the world and hurries its passing - the violence and greed and falsehood that overcome the world that is meant to be overcome by love. (Ch. 29, p. 329) 

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

History, Geography, Economics, and Government Books For Sale...

Below you will find our latest list of living history books. The books are arranged chronologically and coded when related to a particular history program that I know of. Some of the books are ex-library and some are from a private collection. Many are duplicate copies from our own personal library. Several are out of print and getting harder to find. Let me know if you need recommendations or have any questions.

The prices do not reflect shipping. I accept PayPal and ship media mail within the U.S. Please use the contact form on the right side bar to send inquires and desired list. There is also a list of misc. history resources toward the bottom as well as books used for geography, government, economics, and social studies. I will consider discounted shipping on book orders over $50.

Also, don't forget to check out A Visual American History Timeline of Books! It's a great resource that will guide your history study from primary through intermediate grades. I have some of the books listed on the timeline coded 'VT' below.

Thanks so much for your consideration,

History – Arranged Chronologically

SL – Sonlight
TQ – TruthQuest
AO – Ambleside Online
SCM – Simply Charlotte Mason
BF – Beautiful Feet
WP – Winter Promise
VP – Veritas Press
MFW – My Father’s World
CoF – Cornerstones of Freedom
VT – A Visual American History Timeline of Books
HOD - Heart of Dakota

Ancient Civilizations/Cultures (blue tote #1)

Adam and His Kin by Ruth Beechick TQ $6

Ancient Civilizations Unit Study $10 set includes:
-       Discovering Ancient Mysteries by Michael Gibson (hardcover)
-       Greenleaf Guide to Ancient Egypt
-       The Greenleaf Guide to Famous Men of Rome
-       Scholastic 25 Mini-Plays World History by Erin Fry (grades 4-8)
-       Classical Kids, An Activity Guide to Life in Ancient Greece and Rome by Laurie Carlson
-       Selections from National Geographic Death on the Nile
-       National Geographic January 3003 (Inside Egypt’s Secret Vaults)
-       Kids Discover Mummies
-       Kids Discover Ancient Egypt
-       Life in Ancient Egypt Study Prints
-       Life in Ancient Greece Study Prints
-       Life in Ancient Rome Study Prints
-       Other Misc. Articles and Arts Newsletter

Usborne The Time Traveller Book of Pharaohs & Pyramids by Tony Allan (hardcover, ex-library) SL 1/B VP TQ $4

Egypt (Insiders) by Joyce Tyldesley $3

The Great Pyramid by Elizabeth Mann TQ $4

The Greenleaf Guide to Ancient Egypt by Cyndy Shearer $5

Teacher Created Materials Thematic Guide Ancient Egypt $10 set
-       Pyramid by David Macaulay
-       The Egypt Game by Zilpha Keatley Snyder (hardcover, ex-library)

See Inside An Ancient Egyptian Town by R. J. Unstead (hardcover, ex-library) $5 each (x3)

Mummies A Very Peculiar History by Nathaniel Harris $3

The Egypt Game by Zilpha Keatley Snyder (hardcover ex-library) $5

Make it Work! Ancient Egypt by Haslam & Parsons MFW $4

Look Inside A Greek Theater by Peter Chrisp (hardcover) $4

The Iliad retold by Nick McCarty, illustrated by Victor Ambrus $4

Favorite Greek Myths retold by Mary Pope Osborne $4

The Trojan Horse, How the Greeks Won the War by Emily Little MFW SL $3

The Secrets of Vesuvius by Sara C. Bisel TQ $3 each (x2)

The Master by John Pollock $4

The Bronze Bow by Elizabeth George Speare (hardcover, ex-library) TQ SL BF WP HOD $4

Usborne Internet-Linked Romans by Marks and Tingay $4

See Inside An Ancient Chinese Town by R. J. Unstead (hardcover ex-library) $5

The Cat Who Went to Heaven by Elizabeth Coatsworth SL 5/F $2

The Cat Who Went to Heaven by Elizabeth Coatsworth (hardcover, ex-library) SL 5/F $3

Work and Play in the Philippines – New World Neighbors Series (1944 hardcover) $3

The Corn Grows Ripe by Dorothy Rhoads SL 3/C $3

Middle Ages/Renaissance/Reformation

The White Stag by Kate Seredy TQ $3

The Vikings by Robert Nicholson & Claire Watts $3

History Explorers Viking Raiders by Fiona Macdonald $3

The Vikings by Hazel Martell (hardcover, ex-library) $5

The Vikings by Robin Place (hardcover, ex-library) $5

Eric the Red and Leif the Lucky by Barbara Schiller SL 1/B TQ $4 each (x2)

See Inside a Castle by R. J. Unstead (hardcover, ex-library) $5

Catherine Called Birdy by Karen Cushman SL Core 6/G $2 each (x2)

The Whipping Boy by Sid Fleischman SL 2/C TQ BF $3 each (x5)

Dove and Sword, A Novel of Joan of Arc by Nancy Garden $3

The Shakespeare Stealer by Gary Blackwood WP SL $3

The Door in the Wall by Marguerite de Angeli TQ SL VP $4

Martin Luther, A Man Who Changed the World by Paul L. Maier (hardcover) TQ VP $5

Milliken History of Civilization The Middle Ages Grades 7-12 $3

Wings of an Eagle, The Story of Michelangelo by Anne Merriman Peck TQ $4

Adam of the Road by Elizabeth Janet Gray BF TQ SL $4 each (x2)

Exploration/Native Americans

The Landmark History of the American People, from Plymouth to the Moon by Daniel J. Boorstin SL $12

Pathki Nana, Kootenai Girl Solves a Mystery by Kenneth Thomasma $2

Om-kas-toe, Blackfeet Twin Captures an Elkdog by Kenneth Thomasma SL $2

North American Indians by Marie and Douglas Gorsline SL $3

Follow the Dream, The Story of Christopher Columbus by Peter Sis (hardcover ex-library) $4

Christopher Columbus by Ann McGovern $3

Columbus by Ingri & Edgar Parin d’Aulaire (small paperback black & white reprint) TQ BF $2

I Sailed with Columbus by Miriam Schlein $2

Magellan, Voyager with a Dream by William Jay Jacobs (hardcover, ex-library) $3

Ferdinand Magellan by Ruth Harley $3

Life in Tudor England by Penry Williams (hardcover ex-library) $4

Sower Johannes Kepler by John Hudson Tiner TQ $4

Sower Robert Boyle by John Hudson Tiner TQ HOD $4

The Dark Frigate by Charles Boardman Hawes SL $4

Colonization/American Revolution (gray tote #2)

The Old World and America by Rev. Philip J. Furlong, Ph.D w/answer key $10 set

America in the Time of Pocahontas, The Story of Our Nation from Coast to Coast, from 1590 to 1754 by Sally Senzell Isaacs (hardcover) $3

Our Country’s History by Frances Cavanah (1945 hardcover) TQ $6

Rewriting of America’s History by Catherine Millard VT $4

Frontiers of America Settlers on a Strange Shore by Edith McCall (1960 hardcover, ex-library) TQ $5

Life in America Series – unit study - $10 set
            Life Establishing a Nation 1790-1849
            Life in a New World 1000-1763

Blue Feather’s Vision, The Dawn of Colonial America by James E. Knight TQ $3 each (x2)

The Paradox of Jamestown 1585 – 1700 by Collier & Collier (hardcover, ex-library) VT $4

The Double Life of Pocahontas by Jean Fritz TQ VT $3 each (x2)

Pocahontas and the Strangers by Clyde Robert Bulla SL 3/D TQ VT $4 each (x2)

Mayflower by Nathaniel Philbrick (hardcover) $5

If you Sailed on the Mayflower by Ann McGovern TQ VT WP $3 each (x2)

The Pilgrims by R. Conrad Stein (hardcover, ex-library) TQ CoF $4

Down Ryton Water by E. R. Gaggin SL 7/H $4

The Pilgrims of Plimoth by Marcia Sewall BF TQ VT $4 each (x2)

N. C. Wyeth’s Pilgrims text by Robert San Souci TQ VT $3

Sarah Morton’s Day by Kate Waters VP TQ VT $4 each (x6)

Samuel Eaton’s Day by Kate Waters VP TQ VT $4 each (x7)

Eating the Plates, A Pilgrim Book of Food and Manners by Lucille Recht Penner VT TQ $5

The First Thanksgiving by Jean Craighead George TQ VT $2

Pilgrim Voices edited by Connie and Peter Roop (hardcover w/Mylar dust jacket ex-library) TQ VT $5

The Thanksgiving Story by Alice Dalgliesh TQ VT SL $4

Thanksgiving Feast and Festival by Mildren Corell Luckhardt (hardcover ex-library) $5

Thanksgiving Unit Study by Amanda Bennett $3

Turkeys, Pilgrims, and Indian Corn, The Story of the Thanksgiving Symbols by Edna Barth (hardcover, ex-library) $4

Margaret Pumphrey’s Pilgrim Stories by Elvajean Hall TQ VT $3 each (x2)

The Courtship of Miles Standish: Elizabeth by Henry W. Longfellow TQ VT $4

Eastern Trails, From Footprints to Turnpikes by Kathy Pelta (hardcover, ex-library) $2

Dear America Standing in the Light, The Captive Diary of Catharine Carey Logan, 1763 (hardcover) $2

Molly Bannaky by Alice McGill (hardcover, ex-library) VT $4

The Unredeemed Captive by John Demos VT $4

Calico Bush by Rachel Field SL TQ $4

The Rhode Island Colony by Dennis B. Fradin (hardcover, ex-library) $3

Colonial Living by Edwin Tunis (hardcover ex-library) TQ $10

If You Lived in Colonial Times by Ann McGovern TQ WP $3 each (x2)

Boys and Girls of Colonial Days by Carolyn Sherwin Bailey $3 BF

Emma’s Journal, The Story of a Colonial Girl by Marissa Moss (hardcover, ex-library) TQ WP $3

African-Americans in the Thirteen Colonies by Deborah Kent (hardcover, ex-library) CoF TQ $4

American Girl Felicity Learns a Lesson – book 2 TQ $2

The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper TQ Author $4

The Deerslayer by James Fenimore Cooper TQ Author $4

Landmark The Witchcraft of Salem Village by Shirley Jackson (hardcover, ex-library) TQ $5

The Witch of Blackbird Pond by Elizabeth George Speare SL $3 each (x2)

Our Great Heritage….from the Beginning – The Revolutionary Years 1763-1783 (hardcover) $4

Stowaway by Karen Hesse SL TQ $3 each (x2)

American Heritage Junior Library The Many Worlds of Benjamin Franklin (hardcover) $5

Benjamin Franklin, A Man with Many Jobs by Carol Greene (hardcover Rookie Biography) TQ $3

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin TQ $4

The Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770 by Alice Dickinson (hardcover ex-library) $5 (blue tote #3)

The Boston Coffee Party by Doreen Rappaport TQ $3

The Boston Tea Party by R. Conrad Stein (hardcover, ex-library) CoF TQ $4

And Then What Happened, Paul Revere? by Jean Fritz (hardcover) TQ SL $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Paul Revere by Augusta Stevenson (ex-library) TQ $3

Where was Patrick Henry on the 29th of May? by Jean Fritz (hardcover, ex-library) TQ $3

Johnny Tremain by Esther Forbes SL 3/4/D/E TQ BF VP AO VT $4

My Brother Sam is Dead by Collier & Collier TQ $3

Guns for General Washington by Seymour Reit TQ VT $3 each (x3)

General Washington’s Christmas Farewell by Stanley Weintraub $2

A Picture Book of George Washington by David A. Adler TQ $3

The Adventures of George Washington by Margaret Davidson TQ $3

The Battle of Lexington and Concord by Neil Johnson (hardcover ex-library) TQ VT $4

Phoebe the Spy by Judith Berry Griffin SL 3/4/D/E TQ $3 each (x5)

The Reb and the Redcoats by Constance Savery (Bethlehem Books reprint) TQ $5

John Adams by David McCullough TQ AO9 $5

Childhood of Famous Americans Molly Pitcher by Augusta Stevenson (ex-library) TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Tom Jefferson by Helen Albee Monsell (ex-library) TQ $3

Journey to Monticello, Traveling in Colonial Times by James E. Knight $3 each (x5)

Give me Liberty! – The Story of the Declaration of Independence by Russell Freedman TQ VT $5

Shh! We’re Writing the Constitution by Jean Fritz TQ $3

If You Were There When They Signed the Constitution by Elizabeth Levy SL 3/D TQ VT $3

The Story of the Declaration of Independence by Norman Richards (hardcover, ex-library) CoF TQ $4

Will You Sign Here John Hancock? by Jean Fritz (hardcover, ex-library) TQ $3

The Signers: The 56 Stories Behind the Declaration of Independence by Dennis B. Fradin (hardcover, ex-library ) TQ $5

Betsy Ross by Alexandra Wallner TQ $3

Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson WP $2

An American Plague by Jim Murphy (hardcover) $5

1800’s/Westward Expansion

The Broken Blade by William Durbin SL 7/H $3 each (x2)

The Prairie by James Fenimore Cooper TQ $4

A Picture Book of Sacagawea by David A. Adler TQ $3

Sacajawea, Guide to Lewis and Clark by Della Rowland BF $4 each (x2)

The Story of the Lewis and Clark Expedition by R. Conrad Stein (hardcover ex-library) CoF TQ $4

Landmark The Lewis & Clark Expedition by Richard L. Neuberger TQ BF SL $5

Abigail’s Drum by John A. Minahan TQ VT $3 each (x3)

The Star-Spangled by Peter Spier (hardcover ex-library) TQ $5

Sower - Artist with a Message, Samuel F. B. Morse by John Hudon Tiner TQ VT $4

Johnny Appleseed – A Tall Tale Retold and Illustrated by Steven Kellogg TQ $3

Johnny Appleseed – A Poem by Reeve Lindbergh (2 hardcover, ex-library) TQ $4 each (x4)

Johnny Appleseed by Carol Beach York (hardcover) $2

John Chapman, The Man Who Was Johnny Appleseed by Carol Greene (hardcover Rookie Biography ex-library) $3

Sequoyah, Cherokee Hero by Joanne Oppenheim TQ $4

The Defenders by Ann McGovern $2 each (x3)

The Cherokee by Emilie U. Lepthien – A New True Book TQ $3

If You Lived With the Cherokee by Peter and Connie Roop TQ WP $3

Soft Rain, The story of the Cherokee Trail of Tears by Cornelia Cornelissen VP TQ $3

A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett by Himself $4

American Heritage Junior Library The Erie Canal (hardcover) TQ $5

Susanna of the Alamo, A True Story by John Jakes (1 hardcover ex-library) VT $4 each (x2)

Inside the Alamo by Jim Murphy (hardcover, ex-library) $5

American Heritage Junior Library Texas and the War with Mexico (hardcover) TQ $5

American Girl Secrets in the Hills – A Josefina Mystery (ex-library) $2

The Wild West by Mike Stotter $3

The Oregon Trail by R. Conrad Stein CoF TQ VT $4

Wagons West: Off to Oregon by Catherine E. Chambers VT $2 each (x2)

The Oregon Trail by Francis Parkman (hardcover) TQ $3

Wagon Train by Sydelle Kramer TQ $2

Wagon Wheels by Barbara Brenner SL 2/C TQ $3 each (x2)

Trails to the West, Beyond the Mississippi by Kathy Pelta (hardcover ex-library) $3

Meet the Wards on the Oregon Trail by John J. Loeper TQ VT $3 each (x3)

Rachel’s Journal, The Story of a Pioneer Girl by Marissa Moss TQ VT $3

A Gathering of Days by Joan W. Blos TQ SL $3

Apples to Oregon by Deborah Hopkinson & Nancy Carpenter TQ $3

Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall TQ VT $4

The Story of the Women Who Shaped the West by Mary Virginia Fox CoF TQ $3

The Josefina Story Quilt by Eleanor Coerr TQ VT $3 each (x3) (pink tote #4)

Island of the Blue Dolphins by Scott O’Dell (2 hardcover ex-library) SL 5/F BF TQ $3 each(x5)

Zia by Scott O’Dell BF TQ $3

Song of the Swallows by Leo Politi BF TQ $4 each (x2)

Ludwig Van Beethoven, Young Composer by Louis Sabin $3 each (x2)

Commodore Perry in the Land of Shogun by Rhoda Blumberg (hardcover ex-library) SL Core 5/F TQ $5

American Heritage Junior Library Commodore Perry in Japan (hardcover) $5

Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes by Eleanor Coerr SL 5/F $3 each (x2)

Revenge of the Whale by Nathaniel Philbrick $3

Snowshoe Thompson by Nancy Smiler Levinson TQ VT $3 each (x3)

Hitty, Her First Hundred Years by Rachel Field (hardcover ex-library) TQ $4 each (x2)

Hitty, Her First Hundred Years by Rachel Field TQ $3

All Sail Set by Armstrong Sperry SL 4/E TQ $4

American Heritage Junior Library The California Gold Rush (hardcover) $5

American Heritage Junior Library Great Days of the Circus (hardcover) $5

American Heritage Junior Library Cowboys and Cattle Country (hardcover) $5

American Heritage Junior Library Steamboats on the Mississippi (hardcover) $5

Pony Express by Steven Kroll (hardcover ex-library) TQ VT $4 each (x3)

Louis Braille, The Boy Who Invented Books for the Blind by Margaret Davidson SL 5/F TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Elizabeth Blackwell by Joanne Landers Henry (ex-library) TQ $3

Underground RailRoad/Slavery/Civil War 1865

A Separate Battle: Women and the Civil War by Ina Chang $2 each (x2)

Amos Fortune, Free Man by Elizabeth Yates SL BF TQ HOD $4 each (x2)

A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman by David Adler TQ $3 each (x2)

Runaway Slave, The Story of Harriet Tubman by Ann McGovern TQ VT $4 each (x6)

Freedom Train, The Story of Harriet Tubman by Dorothy Sterling SL TQ $3

Brady by Jean Fritz HOD $4

A Picture Book of Sojourner Truth by David Adler TQ $3

Daily Life on a Southern Plantation by Paul Erickson VT TQ $4

Across Five Aprils by Irene Hunt SL 4/E TQ BF VT $4 each (x5)

A Picture Book of Abraham Lincoln by David A. Adler TQ $3

True Stories about Abraham Lincoln by Ruth Belov Gross $2

The Death of Lincoln by Leroy Hayman TQ BF $3

Abe Lincoln Gets His Chance by Frances Cavanah TQ $3 each (x2)

Abe Lincoln Remembers by Ann Turner TQ $3

Meet Abraham Lincoln by Barbara Cary (Step-Up Books – hardcover) TQ $4

Childhood of Famous Americans Abraham Lincoln by Augusta Stevenson (ex-library) TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Mary Todd Lincoln by Katharine E. Wilkie (ex-library) TQ $3

The Story of the Lincoln Memorial by Natalie Miller (hardcover) CoF $4

The Story of Harriet Beecher Stowe by Maureen Ash CoF $3

Frederick Douglass: Portrait of a Freedom Fighter by Sheila Keenan $2

Charley Skedaddle by Patricia Beatty TQ $3

The Long Road to Gettysburg by Jim Murphy $5

Bull Run by Paul Fleischman TQ $3 each (x3)

Paper Soldiers of the Civil War by Alan Archambault $3

American Heritage Junior Library The Battle of Gettysburg (hardcover) $5

Robert E. Lee, Brave Leader by Rae Bains $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Clara Barton by Augusta Stevenson TQ $3

1865 to 20th Century

Life in Victorian England by W. J. Reader (hardcover) $4

Plain Girl by Virginia Sorensen SL $3

Molly’s Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen TQ $3

Turn Homeward Hannalee by Patricia Beatty TQ $3

Be Ever Hopeful Hannalee by Patricia Beatty TQ $3

A Little House Christmas, Holiday Stories from the Little House Books by Laura Ingalls Wilder (hardcover w/Mylar, ex-library) $4 (blue tote #5)

Little House in the Big Woods by Laura Ingalls Wilder (hardcover) TQ AO VT $3

On the Banks of Plum Creek by Laura Ingalls Wilder TQ AO VT $3 each (x3)

By the Shores of Silver Lake by Laura Ingalls Wilder TQ AO $3 each (x2)

The Long Winter by Laura Ingalls Wilder TQ AO $3

On the Way Home by Laura Ingalls Wilder TQ $3

On the Other Side of the Hill by Roger Lea MacBride $3

Little Farm in the Ozarks by Roger Lea MacBride (hardcover ex-library) $3

Bachelor Girl by Roger Lea MacBride (ex-library) $3

Little Town at the Crossroads by Maria D. Wilkes $3

Farmer Boy by Laura Ingalls Wilder TQ AO VT $3

In Grandma’s Attic by Arleta Richardson VT TQ HOD $3

Still More Stories from Grandma’s Attic by Arleta Richardson VT $3

Sixteen and Away from Home by Arleta Richardson $3

Betsy’s Up-and-Down Year by Anne Pellowski $10

Willow Wind Farm: Betsy’s Story by Anne Pellowski (hardcover ex-library) $10

Caddie Woodlawn by Carol Ryrie Brink SL 4/E TQ BF VT $3

Prairie School by AVI HOD $3

A Pioneer Farm Girl, The Diary of Sarah Gillespie, 1877-1878 (hardcover ex-library) $3 each (x2)

A One-Room School by Bobbie Kalman (Historic Communities – (hardcover ex-library) $2

Writer of the Plains, A Story about Willa Cather by Tom Streissguth (hardcover ex-library) $3

Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan TQ SL $3

If you Lived with the Sioux Indians by Ann McGovern TQ $3 each (x2)

Cowboys by Marie and Douglas Gorsline TQ $3

Buffalo Bill by Ingri & Edgar Parin d’Aulaire (small black & white reprint) TQ BF $2

Signature Books The Story of Geronimo by Jim Kjelgaard (hardcover) TQ $5

Landmark Custer’s Last Stand by Quentin Reynolds (hardcover ex-library – loose spine) TQ VT $4

Custer and Crazy Horse by Jim Razzi $3 each (x2)

John Henry: An American Legend by Ezra Jack Keats TQ $2

Pecos Bill by James Cloyd Bowman (hardcover ex-library) $4

American Tall Tales by Adrien Stoutenburg SL P4/5 AO $3 each (x2)

My Antonia by Willa Cather SL Core 400 AO 10 $2

Knots on a Counting Rope by Bill Martin Jr. and John Archambault TQ $2 each (x3)

Squirrel and John Muir by Emily Arnold McCully (hardcover w/dust jacket) $3

Childhood of Famous Americans John Muir by Montrew Dunham (ex-library) TQ $3

Cowboys of the Wild West by Russell Freedman TQ VT $5 each (x2)

Children of the Wild West by Russell Freedman TQ VT $5 each (x5)

An Indian Winter by Russell Freedman TQ $5 each (x4)

Presidential Elections by Miles Harvey CoF TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Susan B. Anthony, Champion of Women’s Rights TQ $3

The Story of Susan B. Anthony by Susan Clinton CoF $4

A History of US, An Age of Extremes by Joy Hakim (hardcover ex-library) SL $5

The Path Between the Seas – The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914 by David McCullough $5

The Great Fire by Jim Murphy TQ VT $5 each (x2)

The Chicago Fire, 1871 by Corinne J. Naden (hardcover) $5 each (x3)

Early Loggers and the Sawmill by Peter Adams (The Early Settler Life Series) $4

The Terrible Wave by Marden Dahlstedt SL $4

Addie’s Dakota Winter by Laurie Lawlor TQ VT $3

Dakota Dugout by Ann Turner VT TQ $3

The Children Who Stayed Alone (original title: Sod House Adventure) by Bonnie Bess Worline TQ $3

Blizzard by Jim Murphy (hardcover) TQ VT $5

The Johnstown Flood by David McCullough $5

American Girl Kirsten’s Cook Book $4

American Girl Kirsten’s Craft Book (hardcover ex-library) $4

Kate Shelley Bound for Legend by Robert D San Souci TQ $2 each (x2)

Childhood of Famous Americans Teddy Roosevelt, Young Rough Rider by Edd Winfield Parks (ex-library) TQ $3 (pink tote #6)

The First Teddy Bear by Helen Kay VT $5

If You Lived at the Time of the Great San Francisco Earthquake by Ellen Levine SL 4/E TQ $3 each (x3)

Landmark The Story of Thomas Alva Edison TQ BF $5

The Mayo Brothers by Helen Clapesattle (hardcover) TQ $5

Childhood of Famous Americans Henry Ford by Hazel B. Aird TQ $3

We’ll Race You, Henry, A Story About Henry Ford by Barbara Mitchell TQ VT $3

Of Things Natural, Wild, and Free, A Story about Aldo Leopold by Marybeth Lorbiecki (hardcover) $2

Sky Pioneer: A Photobiography of Amelia Earhart by Corinne Szabo $4

The Spirit of the St. Louis by R. Conrad Stein CoF TQ $4 each (x2)

The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk by Donald J. Sobol TQ $3 each (x2)

First Flight, The Story of Tom Tate and the Wright Brothers by George Shea TQ VT $3

Up in the Air: Bessie Coleman by Philip S. Hart TQ $4

Childhood of Famous Americans Mark Twain by Miriam E. Mason TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Eleanor Roosevelt by Ann Weil TQ $3

Profiles in Science for Young People Marie Curie and the Discovery of Radium by Ann E. Steinke TQ $3

Sower Billy Sunday, Home Run to Heaven by Robert Allen $4

The Statue of Liberty by Lucille Recht Penner $2

The Long Way to a New Land by Joan Sandin TQ VT $3 each (x6)

Ellis Island by R. Conrad Stein CoF TQ $4

Mama’s Bank Account by Kathryn Forbes TQ $4

Milliken History of Civilization The Industrial Revolution Grades 7-12 $3

All-Of-A-Kind Family by Sydney Taylor SL 4/E $3 each (x2)

The Great Depression by R. Conrad Stein CoF TQ $4

Dust for Dinner by Ann Turner TQ VT $3 each (x2)

Out of the Dust by Karen Hesse SL Core 100 TQ $3 each (x2)

Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor SL 4/E BF TQ VT $3 each (x8)

Let the Circle Be Unbroken by Mildred D. Taylor $3

Blue Willow by Doris Gates SL Core 100 AO BF TQ $4 each (x2)

Orphan Train Rider, One Boy’s True Story by Andrea Warren TQ $4

In Grandma’s day by Paul Humphrey VT $2 each (x3)

American Girl Meet Kit TQ $2

The Education of Little Tree by Forrest Carter $2

Holocaust/ WWII

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn SL VP $3

Anne Frank, the Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank TQ BF VP $4 each (x2)

Anne Frank Beyond the Diary: A Photographic Remembrance by Ruud van der Rol and Rian Verhoeven (hardcover) $4

Number the Stars by Lois Lowry TQ SL BF $4

So Far From the Bamboo Grove by Yoko Kawashima Watkins (hardcover) BF $4

Schindlers’ List by Thomas Keneally $4

Snow Treasure by Marie McSwigan (ex-library) SL AO TQ $3 each (x2)

American Girl Molly’s Craft Book (hardcover, ex-library) $4

Modern Times

Call it Courage by Armstrong Sperry SL 5/F BF $2

Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls TQ VP AO 6 $3

Year of Impossible Goodbyes by Sook Myul Choi SL 5/F BF $3

The Big Wave by Pearl S. Buck SL 5/F $2

Charlotte’s Web by E. B. White SL 1/B VP $3 each (x2)

The Trumpet of the Swan by E. B. White $3

The Great Gilly Hopkins by Katherine Paterson SL Core 300 $2

Swift Rivers by Cornelia Meigs SL 3/D TQ $3

Jacob Have I Loved by Katherine Paterson SL Core 400 $2 each (x2)

In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson by Bette Bao Lord SL 3/4 D/E BF $3 each (x2)

A Pictorial Life Story of Misty by Marguerite Henry (hardcover, ex-library) $20

Album of Horses by Marguerite Henry SL TQ BF $5

Our First Pony by Marguerite Henry $1

Misty of Chincoteague by Marguerite Henry SL 2/C TQ BF VP $3 each (x5)

Misty of Chincoteague by Marguerite Henry (hardcover) SL 2/C TQ BF VP $5

Sea Star, Orphan of Chincoteague by Marguerite Henry (hardcover ex-library) $3

Sea Star, Orphan of Chincoteague by Marguerite Henry $5

King of the Wind by Marguerite Henry BF AO 3 TQ SL 5/F $3 (x2) (blue tote #7)

King of the Wind by Marguerite Henry BF AO 3 TQ SL 5/F $5

Justin Morgan had a Horse by Marguerite Henry BF TQ SL $3

Brighty of the Grand Canyon by Marguerite Henry BF TQ SL $3

Brighty of the Grand Canyon by Marguerite Henry BF TQ SL $5

Anne of Green Gables by L M Montgomery AO TQ VP $4

Anne of Ingleside by L. M. Montgomery TQ AO $2 each (x2)

Anne of the Island by L. M. Montgomery (hardcover, ex-library) TQ AO $3

Sounder by William H. Armstrong SL Core 100 TQ $3 each (x3)

Rascal by Sterling North TQ SL $3 each (x2)

Invincible Louisa by Cornelia Miegs (hardcover ex-library) TQ $3

Little Women by Louisa May Alcott AO VP VT $4 each (x2)

Under the Lilacs by Louisa May Alcott AO $3

An Old Fashioned Girl by Louisa May Alcott AO $3

A Picture Book of Helen Keller by David A. Adler TQ $3

Helen Keller – The Story of My Life by Helen Keller - Illustrated Classics comic format $4

Helen Keller – The Story of My Life by Helen Keller VT TQ $4

Helen Keller’s Teacher by Mickie Davidson TQ VT $3

Shadow of a Bull by Maia Wojciechowska SL 6/G $3 each (x2)

Stealing Home: The Story of Jackie Robinson by Barry Denenberg BF $3 each (x2)

20th Century – The Fifties – Teacher Created Materials $2

Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy (hardcover ex-library) $3

The Story of the Vietnam Memorial by David K. Wright (hardcover ex-library)) CoF $4

If you Lived at the Time or Martin Luther King by Ellen Levine TQ VT $3

Young Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Heroine by Anne Benjamin (Troll First Start Biography) TQ $3

Childhood of Famous Americans Thurgood Marshall by Montrew Dunham (ex-library) $3

The Day We Walked on the Moon, A Photo History of Space Exploration by George Sullivan VT $4 each (x2)

The Story of the White House by Kate Waters $4

Getting to Know the U.S. Presidents - Gerald R. Ford by Mike Venezia TQ $3

The Breadwinner by Deborah Ellis SL $3 each (x3)

Misc. History Resources

The American Patriot’s Almanac by William J. Bennett and John T.E. Cribb (hardcover) $5

A Child’s Story of America by McHugh and Morris VP $4 (x2)

The Handy History Answer Book by Rebecca Nelson $4

Digging and Discovery – Wisconsin Archaeology – The New Badger History Series $3 each (x3)

American Adventure (25 books set) $30
-       Trouble on the Ohio River #15
-       Cincinnati Epidemic #17
-       Riot in the Night #18
-       Fight for Freedom #19
-       Enemy or Friend #20
-       War’s End #24
-       The Great Mill Explosion #26
-       Lights for Minneapolis #27
-       The Streetcar Riots #28
-       A Better Bicycle #30
-       The New Citizen #31
-       The San Francisco Earthquake #32
-       Marching with Sousa #33
-       Clash with the Newsboys # 34
-       Prelude to War #35
-       The Great War #36
-       The Flu Epidemic #37
-       Women Win the Vote #38
-       Battling the Klan #39
-       The Bootlegger Menace $40
-       Black Tuesday #41
-       The Great Depression #42
-       Changing Times #44
-       Rumblings of War #45
-       Coming Home #48

Geography, Government, Economics, & Social Studies  

DK Children Just Like Me (hardcover) $3

The Scrambled States of America by Laurie Keller $4

Homeschool Ponies Volume 1: Patriotic Patches by Brenda Krames new w/iron on patches $10

Anno’s U.S.A. by Mitsumasa Anno (hardcover, ex-library) $5

Anno’s Journey by Mitsumasa Anno (hardcover, ex-library) $5

Geography from A to Z, A Picture Glossary by Jack Knowlton (hardcover) MFW $4

Maps & Globes by Jack Knowlton MFW $4

People by Peter Spier SL $4

Steck-Vaughn Portraits of America series (new) $10 set of 13 includes:

- Wisconsin
- Pacific Islands
- Alabama
- Delaware
- Idaho
- Indiana
- New York
- North Dakota
- Utah
- Massachusetts
- Virginia
- West Virginia
- California

Basic American Government by Clarence Carson (hardcover) SL Core 300 $15

American Girl Kaya 1764 – 6 book set (hardcover, ex-library w/Mylar) TQ $10 set